Diarrhea is a common disease experienced by babies and children. However, if coupled with vomiting, You have to be alert in giving the first treatment so the child is not dehydrated.
Vomiting and diarrhea is a disease that is prone to cause the child to dehydration – especially if it comes simultaneously. In addition, food intake can be inhibited by a sense of nausea experienced by the child if he is vomiting.
But don’t worry, You can do the handling by yourself at home if the child has vomiting and diarrhea.
What are the Causes of Vomiting and Diarrhea in a Child?
The child called has diarrhea if he took out the liquid stool more than three times in a day. Babies who get breast milk can indeed remove dirt up to eight times in a day, but the consistency resembles a paste and not liquid.
Diarrhea and vomiting if a standalone can be caused by several things. However, if the diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting, it is generally caused by viral infections (rotavirus).
Rotavirus infection is more common in infants who are not breast milk. Symptoms include fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Diarrhea and vomiting that occur in infants generally give more serious impacts than older children, because the baby will more easily fall into a state of dehydration.
You have to recognize the signs of dehydration in children, namely cranky, fontanel sunken, eyes sunken, crying but not out of tears, dry mouth, dry skin, turgor slow (if pinched, the skin will return to later). Children who have severe dehydration can even look limp, listless, and unconscious.
What Can You Do at Home?
If the child has vomiting and diarrhea, make sure You do the following things:
- Replace lost fluids from her body with the provision of drinking a lot of water. It would be better if You use ORS – better sachets and are packaged in bottles – to replace fluids and ions are lost.
- Give breast milk – if because one and other things You can’t provide breast milk – the jailer’s child. Do not force solid foods if the child does not want it. Give solid food demand. However, in children who have largely cultivated to keep eating as usual.
- You should also be extra hygiene. Wash Your hands with soap before holding the child, cooking and preparing food, washing bottles, making milk, and feed the child. Hand washing should also be done after cleaning the child’s bottom, go to the toilet and clean the vomit of a child.
- Wash and sterilize milk bottles and feeding equipment for the child.
- Avoid giving any medications to babies and children without the doctor’s instructions, especially antibiotics. Vomiting and diarrhea in children are often caused by a viral infection, which would not be useful if given antibiotics.
- Before putting on the diaper, apply a first area of the buttocks and groin of a child with special cream prevention of diaper rash or petroleum jelly.
When Should be Brought to the Doctor?
Immediately take the child to be examined by a doctor if the frequency of diarrhea already more than six times or vomiting more than three times in 24 hours. The baby or child that looks limp, appears sleepy, fever, and urinating slightly also should be immediately taken to the doctor.